MACHIR BEN JUDAH

MACHIR BEN JUDAH
MACHIR BEN JUDAH (first half 11th century), younger brother of gershom b. judah , "the Light of the Exile." Machir was the author of Alef Bet de-Rabbi Makhir. This work was in the possession of Rashi and the tosafists, who quote from it (Rashi, Gen. 43:11; Pes. 50a; Er. 22a; Tos. Nid. 7b S.V. shammuti, et al.), but it is now lost. It was the first talmudic dictionary to be compiled in Europe, not unlike the Arukh of nathan b. jehiel of rome . Its chief function was to connect words used in the Talmud with Scripture, to explain them, and to translate them into French. In consequence it also engaged in biblical exegesis. All the explanations in Machir's book were, evidently, given anonymously, no authorities being mentioned in it. Machir had four sons: Nathan, Menahem, Nehemiah, and Yakar. These four collected the rulings, customs, and responsa of the great scholars of their locality. Menahem included all the material in a work which is referred to in the literature of the rishonim as Ma'aseh ha-Makhiri (Rabban – eliezer b. nathan – Prague, 1610, 84c). Most of the material in his book, since lost, was included in the works of the De-Vei Rashi ("school of Rashi") and the whole book may have been used as the foundation for the Ma'aseh ha-Ge'onim (Berlin, 1909), certainly in respect of the information it affords about the customs of Speyer, Worms, and Mainz. The majority of the material in the Ma'aseh ha-Ge'onim is from these four brothers. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Epstein, Ma'aseh ha-Ge'onim (1909), x–xiii (introd.). (Israel Moses Ta-Shma)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GERSHOM BEN JUDAH ME'OR HA-GOLAH — (c. 960–1028), one of the first great German talmudic scholars and a spiritual molder of German Jewry. Few biographical details are known of Gershom, most of the stories about him being of a legendary nature. He was apparently born in Metz, but… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JUDAH BEN ASHER — (1270–1349), rabbi and talmudist. Judah was born in Cologne, Germany. His father was asher b. jehiel (the Rosh), in whose yeshivah he studied; jacob b. asher was his brother. Because of his impaired eyesight, from which he suffered all his life,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jacob ben Machir ibn Tibbon — Jacob ben Machir ibn Tibbon, of the Ibn Tibbon family, also known as Prophatius. Provençal, Jewish astronomer; born, probably at Marseilles, about 1236; died at Montpellier about 1304. He was a grandson of Samuel ben Judah ibn Tibbon. His… …   Wikipedia

  • ibn Tibbon, Jacob ben Machir — ▪ Jewish astronomer, physician, and translator also called  Don Profiat   born c. 1236, , Marseille died c. 1312, , Montpellier, Fr.       French Jewish physician, translator, and astronomer whose work was utilized by Copernicus and Dante. He was …   Universalium

  • SOLOMON BEN SAMSON — (11th century), scholar of Worms, a contemporary of Rashi s teachers. He used to sign himself ששו״ן and as a result is referred to as Sason. His teachers were jacob b. yakar and, apparently, eleazar of Worms, and he was a colleague of isaac b.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ibn Tibbon — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Ibn Tibbon (Heb. אבן תבון), is a family of Jewish rabbis and translators that lived principally in Provence in the 12th and 13th centuries. Conte …   Wikipedia

  • ASTRONOMY — In the Bible Although the Bible contains no explicit mention of the science of astronomy, it nevertheless has many references to topics such as the laws of the heavens (Jer. 31:34 (35); 33:25; Job 38:33) and the movements of the sun and the moon… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jewish philosophy — Jewish theology redirects here. Philosophy and Kabbalah are two common approaches to Jewish theology Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • PIYYUT — (Heb. פִּיּוּט; plural: piyyutim; from the Greek ποιητής), a lyrical composition intended to embellish an obligatory prayer or any other religious ceremony, communal or private. In a wider sense, piyyut is the totality of compositions composed in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MASORAH — This article is arranged according to the following outline: 1. THE TRANSMISSION OF THE BIBLE 1.1. THE SOFERIM 1.2. WRITTEN TRANSMISSION 1.2.1. Methods of Writing 1.2.1.1. THE ORDER OF THE BOOKS 1.2.1.2. SEDARIM AND PARASHIYYOT …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”